According to the decision of the Gazdasági Versenyhivatal (Hungarian Competition Authority – GVH), Duna House Holding Nyrt. (DHH), Otthon Centrum Holding Kft. (OCH), Duna House Franchise Szolgáltató Kft. (DHF) and Otthon Centrum Franchising Tanácsadó Kft. (OCF) had concerted their pricing policies and exchanged confidential business information in the framework of their cross-selling cooperation. The GVH considered the determination of the minimum commission rates and the allocation of areas of operation for members of the franchise network by DHF and OCH to infringe the law. The total amount of the fine imposed for these infringements was 75.68m HUF (cca 245,000 EUR).

In the course of its investigation, the GVH found that the two networks had entered into agreements between April 2013 and June 2014 about

a.       sharing their stock of the real estates to be sold under exclusive commission –thereby significantly increasing the two networks’ incomes and strengthening their market positions;

b.      the commission fees (in fixed amount and in percentage) on the territory covered by the cooperation;

c.       determining the minimum amount and percentage of the commission payable on the seller side, and the amount of discount to be granted under cross-selling cooperations;

d.      the exchange of certain sensitive business information – e. g. data on some of the sales processes and the stock of commissions of DHF and OCF.

In its decision, the GVH stated that the contracts concluded between DHF and the members of its network of real estate agents, as well as between OCF and members of its network of real estate agents - either through the stipulation of prohibitions or the application of sanctions – had hindered the free determination of prices by the franchisees and prohibited the acceptance of commissions on the territory of other franchisees, between 2003 and 2015 in the case of DHF and between 2004 and 2015 in the case of OCF.

When calculating the amount of the fine, the GVH took into account as relevant turnover the prorated amount of fees (according to time) that was collected through the operation of such a franchise-system.

The GVH also considered the fact that the undertakings are currently significant market participants, although they had small market share at the beginning of the infringement.

In the case in question the GVH invited the undertakings to indicate whether they were interested in engaging in a settlement procedure, in order to enable the proceeding to be concluded in a swift and effective manner. The undertakings presented their settlement submissions, in which, among other things, they voluntarily admitted the infringement; therefore the GVH reduced the fine imposed by 30% – based on the new rules of the Hungarian Competition Act applicable after 16 December 2016.

According to the settlement procedure, the GVH reduces the fine to be imposed by 10-30% if the undertaking under investigation admits the infringement on the basis of the revealed evidence; moreover, it must also waive its rights to extensive access to files, to make a statement, to a hearing and to seek a legal remedy. This procedure facilitates the conclusion of the proceeding in a more rapid and less resource intensive manner. The settlement procedure may result in significant cost savings, not only for the competition authority but also for the undertaking. Additionally, the 30% fine reduction can be increased if the undertaking takes part in the leniency programme, which may even result in a 50% reduction of the fine. More information regarding the settlement procedure is available here and other means of cooperation with the GVH is available here (available only in Hungarian).

Case numbers: Vj/57/2014., Vj/74/2014., Vj/75/2014.

Budapest, 10 January 2017


Hungarian Competition Authority


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